Aviation industry opposition to requiring mandatory Covid-19 vaccination for passengers intensified as impending drug approvals trigger a debate over their role in air travel.

Former U.S. Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton said they were willing to be vaccinated against the novel coronavirus on television in order to ease any public skepticism over the safety of new vaccines.

Governments and officials are voicing hopes that Covid-19 vaccines could bring “herd immunity”, with some calculating that immunizing just two-thirds of a population could halt the pandemic disease and help protect whole communities or nations.

Vaccinating nine in 10 girls under the age of 15 years against cervical cancer, and improved screening and treatment of women could reduce infections by 40% and save 5 million lives by 2050, the World Health Organization (WHO) said.

U.S. Health Secretary Alex Azar said if pharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc. submits interim Covid-19 vaccine to health regulators as quickly as expected, the U.S. government anticipates the beginning of vaccinating Americans in December.

Results from an early safety study of Moderna Inc.’s coronavirus vaccine candidate in older adults showed that it produced virus-neutralizing antibodies at levels similar to those seen in younger adults, with side effects roughly on par with high-dose flu shots, researchers said.

Days after Johnson & Johnson moved JNJ-78436735 into Phase III development, the company posted an interim analysis of a Phase I/IIa trial that showed a single dose of the novel coronavirus vaccine candidate induced a strong neutralizing antibody response in nearly all participants and was well-tolerated.

A top U.S. health official told a U.S. Senate committee that he expects Covid-19 vaccinations to take place over many months and that most Americans could be vaccinated by July 2021 at the latest.

To effectively create immunity to Covid-19, we need to educate to vaccinate.

We are well into the global pandemic that has disrupted our professional and personal lives. This is a once in a lifetime paradigm shift – we have adjusted much of our day to day BUT where does clinical site contracting and budgeting fall?