The latest results from SURPASS-4, the longest and largest completed SURPASS trial to date, showed consistent activity in maintaining A1C and weight control in the almost two years the study ran. SURPASS-4 is part of the Phase III trial evaluating tirzepatide as a potential treatment for type 2 diabetes. 

Coronavirus vaccines are known to be less protective in people with the blood cancer multiple myeloma, such as former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, who died on Oct. 18 of complications from Covid-19 despite being fully vaccinated. Additionally, in a paper in the journal Stem Cell Reports, researchers said numerous businesses have made unsubstantiated and inaccurate claims about supposed stem cell products to treat Covid-19.

AstraZeneca announced positive high-level data from the HIMALAYA Phase III trial of a single, high priming dose of tremelimumab plus Imfinzi (durvalumab) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), or liver cancer, who had not had previous systemic therapy and were not eligible for localized treatment.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Eli Lilly’s Verzenio (abemaciclib) for a specific type of early breast cancer that is at high risk of recurrence after surgery. 

People who received Johnson & Johnson’s Covid-19 vaccine will have a stronger neutralizing antibody response if they get an mRNA shot as the second dose, Axios reported on Oct. 12, citing a person who has seen data collected by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).

High Point, North Carolina-based vTv Therapeutics announced positive results from a mechanistic study of TTP399 in type 1 diabetes patients. 

CureVac NV said on Oct. 12 the company will give up on the biotechnology firm’s first-generation Covid-19 vaccine candidate and instead focus on collaborating with GSK to develop improved mRNA vaccine technology.

According to a Wall Street Journal report, the preferred Covid-19 shot globally is the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that a common and potent diuretic might hold the key to lowering the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease, particularly in people who are genetically predisposed to the illness. 

In October 2020, the government recommended against kids going trick-or-treating for Halloween out of fear of Covid-19 spread. For Halloween 2021, kids have been given the green light to knock on doors.